Therapeutics Information for Providers
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Shelf-Life Extensions for Oral Antivirals
The FDA has authorized shelf-life extensions for the oral antivirals, Paxlovid and Lagevrio. Please check for these extensions before wasting product.
Product Summaries and Allocation Requests
Providers who want to receive allocations of new therapeutic products as they are released will need to register through NCDHHS and the federal portal following the instructions provided by NCDHHS.
Paxlovid Clinical Resources
- Paxlovid Patient Eligibility Screening Checklist Tool for Prescribers
- Liverpool COVID-19 Drug Interactions
- Drug Interaction Checker | Pfizer Medical Information - US
- FDA Updates on Paxlovid for Health Care Providers | FDA
- PAXLOVID™ (nirmatrelvir tablets; ritonavir tablets) For HCPs (paxlovidhcp.com)
- Test to Treat for Paxlovid (pharmacist.com)
More Provider Resources
Provider Office Hours
Join the NCDHHS COVID-19 Therapeutics Team for our monthly office hours (typically the second Friday of the month, at 12 p.m. ET) to discuss updates to and address questions related to all COVID-19 Therapeutics.
- Join on Teams
- Or call in (audio only): +1 984-204-1487 (Conference ID: 450 669 154#)
View Latest Office Hours Presentation
- Subscribe to NCDHHS Therapeutics Provider Communications
- CMS Payment Information for COVID-19 Therapies
- Recissions of Statewide Standing Orders for mAbs Administration
Please submit all inquiries, issues, and feedback via the NCDHHS COVID-19 Testing and Treatment Inquiry Intake Form. For detailed instructions, please see the Testing and Treatment Inquiry Intake User Guide.
All Updates by Date
Effective Jan. 26, 2023, Evusheld is no longer authorized for prevention of COVID-19 in individuals who are immunocompromised. Based on the latest CDC data, Evusheld is unlikely to be active against more than 90% of the SARS-CoV-2 variants currently circulating in the U.S. HHS and AstraZeneca have paused distribution of Evusheld until further notice by the Agency.
People who are immunocompromised, older adults, and people with disabilities continue to face increased risks from COVID-19. Individuals for whom COVID-19 vaccination is recommended should get vaccinated with the primary series and an updated vaccine when eligible to increase protection against the most serious consequences of COVID-19.
Treatment with Paxlovid or Lagevrio is widely available at pharmacies, Test to Treat sites, long-term care facilities, and other sites across the state. Learn more about treatment options that are expected to retain activity against COVID-19. The U.S. Government recommends that facilities and providers with Evusheld retain all product in the event that SARS-CoV-2 variants which are neutralized by Evusheld become more prevalent in the U.S. in the future.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced bebtelovimab is not currently authorized for emergency use in the U.S. as of Nov. 30, 2022, because it is not expected to neutralize Omicron subvariants BQ.1 and BQ.1.1., according to data included in the Health Care Provider Fact Sheet. Eli Lilly and its authorized distributors have paused commercial distribution of bebtelovimab until further notice by the Agency. Additionally, ASPR has paused the fulfillment of any pending requests under its Bebtelovimab Product Replacement Initiative. NCDHHS will also pause the fulfillment of any pending requests under the NCDHHS Bebtelovimab Replacement Program. View the full FDA announcement here.
NC Medicaid Optional COVID-19 (MCV) Testing, Treatment and Vaccination Program: Patients who are uninsured may be eligible to have their COVID-19 vaccine, testing, and treatment covered at no-cost by Medicaid, even if they are not currently a Medicaid beneficiary. NC Medicaid is reimbursing COVID-19 testing, treatment, and vaccination costs for individuals without insurance who enroll in the NC Medicaid Optional COVID-19 Testing, Treatment and Vaccination (MCV) program. To be eligible, an individual must:
- Live in North Carolina.
- Be a U.S. citizen or U.S. national or have eligible immigration status.
- Not be covered by Medicaid, Medicare or other health insurance.
- Individuals may complete an application online. You may find additional information, including processing time for applications and a special bulletin about continued reimbursement for these services on the NC Medicaid website.
NC DHHS Bebtelovimab Replacement Program – Since the commercialization of bebtelovimab on August 15th, 2022, NC DHHS has implemented a Bebtelovimab Replacement Program to ensure continued access for patients who are uninsured/underinsured. Providers may request free replacement vials of bebtelovimab via the NC DHHS Bebtelovimab Replacement Request Form. The form asks providers to attest to the total number of individuals they have treated in the prior week (Sunday through Saturday), and of those treated, how many were uninsured/underinsured. Approved requests will receive a quantity of bebtelovimab vials, at no cost, commensurate with the number of patients treated who were uninsured/underinsured. NC DHHS asks that all bebtelovimab providers take advantage of this replacement program. Treatment should not be denied to any patient based on insurance status. For further guidance on ordering the commercially available bebtelovimab, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Aug. 5, 2022
- Paxlovid letter to providers about wrong-dose errors: On Aug. 5, 2022, Pfizer sent a letter to healthcare providers about reports of wrong-dose medication errors that have occurred during prescribing, dispensing, and administering Paxlovid. This letter reminds clinicians of the need for individualized dosage adjustments and the availability of two different Paxlovid dose packs. Pfizer also revised the Paxlovid Patients, Parents and Caregivers Fact Sheet to be dispensed with each Paxlovid prescription. The revised Fact Sheet addresses wrong-dose medication errors during patient self-administration and informs patients on how to correctly take Paxlovid.
July 6, 2022
- FDA revises EUA for Paxlovid: On July 6 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration revised the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for Paxlovid (nirmatrelvir and ritonavir), to authorize state-licensed pharmacists to prescribe Paxlovid to eligible patients, with certain limitations to ensure appropriate patient assessment and prescribing of Paxlovid. Read the full news release. View the revised Paxlovid Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers.
June 29, 2022
- FDA authorizes revisions to Evusheld dosing: On June 29, 2022, FDA revised the Evusheld Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers to recommend repeat dosing every six months with a dose of 300 mg of tixagevimab and 300 mg cilgavimab if patients need ongoing protection. The previous Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers did not provide a specific recommendation on the dosing interval. FDA continues to monitor the neutralizing activity of Evusheld against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants and will provide additional updates as needed. For further details, please refer to the FDA’s Frequently Asked Questions for Evusheld.
June 8, 2022
- Therapeutics memo to all North Carolina clinicians: Updated guidance for providers about outpatient treatment and prevention of COVID-19 in patients who are at high risk of progressing to severe disease. Key updates include: Statement on limited bebtelovimab availability and expected NC supply to be depleted in August 2022, information regarding COVID-19 rebound, and updated overview of Veklury (remdesivir) since gaining full FDA approval. Read the memo.
May 24, 2022
The CDC issued a Health Alert Network (HAN) Health Advisory to update health care providers, public health departments, and the public on the potential for recurrence of COVID-19 or “COVID-19 rebound.” Paxlovid continues to be recommended for early-stage treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 among persons at high risk for progression to severe disease. Paxlovid treatment helps prevent hospitalization and death due to COVID-19. COVID-19 rebound has been reported to occur between two and eight days after initial recovery and is characterized by a recurrence of COVID-19 symptoms or a new positive viral test after having tested negative. A brief return of symptoms may be part of the natural history of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) infection in some persons, independent of treatment with Paxlovid and regardless of vaccination status. Read the full advisory.
April 25, 2022
- The CDC issued a Health Alert Network (HAN) Health Advisory to update health care providers, public health departments, and the public about the availability and use of recommended therapies for COVID-19 and to advise against using unproven treatments that have known or potential harms for outpatients with mild to moderate COVID-19. For patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 who are not hospitalized and who are at increased risk for severe COVID-19 outcomes, several treatment options, including antiviral medications and monoclonal antibodies, are now widely available and accessible. Read the advisory.
April 21, 2022
- Therapeutics memo to all North Carolina clinicians: Therapeutics are an important tool to protect patients from severe illness from COVID-19. Large supplies of therapeutics, especially oral antivirals, are now widely available and can be utilized for any patient who meets the criteria in the Emergency Use Authorization. In addition, all providers can prescribe therapeutics for their high-risk patients, even if they don’t dispense them. Read the memo.
April 5, 2022
The FDA revised the authorization for sotrovimab, a monoclonal antibody treatment. Data show this treatments are highly unlikely to be effective against the Omicron BA.2 subvariant. Therefore, it is not authorized for use in people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19 at this time. Health care providers should use other approved or authorized products as they choose appropriate treatment options for patients.
March 7, 2022
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) has developed a partnership with Pharmacy-Based Clinics and Pharmacies serving long-term care facilities (LTCFs) for the direct ordering of oral antivirals up to a specific threshold at locations that provide comprehensive test and treat services onsite and at locations that provide direct access of product(s) to the long-term care communities. These initiatives will reduce barriers to rapid accessibility to treatment for high-risk COVID-19 individuals and expand overall access to these therapeutics. These allocations come from a separate federal cache that will not impact NCDHHS allocations. More information can be found on the ASPR Fact Sheet and the Test to Treat webpage.
March 2, 2022
The NIH COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel updated their recommendations for the medications effective against the Omicron variant that can be used as treatment for non-hospitalized patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 who are at high risk of progressing to severe disease. The purpose of the most recent update provides clinicians with guidance on the role of bebtelovimab as an additional treatment option for this patient population. Review the full NIH statement and the revised recommended treatment prioritization.
Feb. 24, 2022
- The FDA revised its EUA for Evusheld to double the initial dose to 300 mg of tixagevimab and 300 mg of cilgavimab based on available data indicating that a higher dose of Evusheld may be more likely to prevent infection by the COVID-19 Omicron subvariants BA.1 and BA.1.1 than the originally authorized Evusheld dosage. Patients who have already received the previously authorized dose (150 mg of tixagevimab and 150 mg of cilgavimab) should be contacted as soon as possible to receive an additional dose of 150 mg of tixagevimab and 150 mg of cilgavimab to raise their monoclonal antibody levels. For more information, please review the updated Evusheld EUA Healthcare Provider Factsheet.
Feb. 23, 2022
- The FDA revised its EUA for sotrovimab to update the administration window to within 7 days of symptom onset. The FDA also adjusted infusion times to 15 or 30 minutes depending on the size of the infusion bag. Additionally, the EUA included language allowing the pause of sotrovimab use depending on the predominant variant in a geographic area. For more information, please review the updated sotrovimab EUA Healthcare Provider Factsheet.
Feb. 17, 2022
- Due to lessening supply constraints, NCDHHS has removed its recommendation for patient prioritization to Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3 of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guidelines Panel Interim Statement on Patient Prioritization for Outpatient Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Therapies. This expands patient eligibility to that authorized through the FDA Emergency Use Authorization for each individual product. View the latest NCDHHS Patient Prioritization for COVID-19 Therapeutics.
Jan. 24, 2022
- The FDA revised the authorizations for two monoclonal antibody treatments – bamlanivimab/etesevimab and REGEN-COV. Data show these treatments are highly unlikely to be effective against the Omicron variant. Therefore, they are not authorized for use in people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19 at this time. There are several other therapies – Paxlovid, sotrovimab, Veklury (remdesivir), and molnupiravir – that are expected to be effective against the omicron variant, and that are authorized or approved to treat patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 who are at high risk. View the latest NCDHHS Patient Prioritization for COVID-19 Therapeutics.
Have questions? We're here to help.
Please submit all inquiries, issues, and feedback via the NCDHHS COVID-19 Testing and Treatment Inquiry Intake Form